Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Stream Medical
Course Type Degree
Duration 6 Years

Prospective students for an undergraduate course leading towards a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (M.B.B.S.) degree must have completed a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate (HSC) (10+2, or high school) with the Science stream, including the subjects Biology, Chemistry and Physics.


A medical college offers graduate degree Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). Only institutions offering MBBS course in its curriculum are referred to as a Medical Colleges.[citation needed] The college may teach Post Graduate as well as Paramedical courses. The admission to government MBBS programs is highly competitive because of high subsidy and extensive hands-on experience.The MBBS course starts with the basic pre and para-clinical subjects such as biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, microbiology, pathology and pharmacology. The students simultaneously obtain hands-on training in the wards and out-patient departments, where they interact with real patients for five long years. The curriculum aims to inculcate standard protocols of history taking, examination, differential diagnosis and Complete patient Management. The student is taught to determine what investigations will be useful for a patient and what are the best treatment options. The curriculum also contains a thorough practical knowledge and practice of performing standard clinical procedures. The course also contains a 12-month-long internship, in which an intern is rotated across various specialities. Besides standard clinical care, one also gets a thorough experience of ward management, staff management and thorough counselling skills.

Admission process

In order to reduce stress of multiple examinations and ensuring minimum competence and importantly with the purpose to weed out corruption in medical education across the country NEET-UG and NEET-PG were first proposed in the Vision by Board of Governors (BOGs) appointed after by Government of India after dissolution of MCI. These exams were supposed to be a single window for entry into a medical college (except institutions like AIIMS, PGIMER, JIPMER, which were set up by parliamentary order). Although specifics of implemented NEET for UG and PG courses are different from what was proposed in Vision document, it has essentially maintained its core purpose.




  • Must have completed a Higher Secondary (School) Certificate (HSC) (10+2, or high school) with the Science stream, including the subjects Biology, Chemistry and Physics. 
  • The minimum requirements for the MBBS course are 50% marks in physics, chemistry, biology and English in the '10+2' examinations.
  • For reserved category students, the requirement is 40%. MBBS admissions are not centralised                      

Entrance examinations are conducted by the following agencies

  • AIIMS Entrance Exams – All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Exam
  • NEET - National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
  • JIPMER – Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education and Research

Entrance Exam - Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
Exam Name Grade Level Exam Date
NEET UG 3rd May 2020

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