Fundamental Courses for Medical Students

Fundamental Courses for Medical Students

Fundamental Courses for Medical Students

PUBLISH DATE 4th May 2020

The healthcare industry is one amongst the rapidly booming industries within the country. The fast-paced development in this sector is quickly becoming a hub for lucrative job opportunities and a promising career. The medical field deals with finding cure for every conceivable type of illness and disease. It has grown into a multi-faceted branch of study with many specializations and focus areas.

The top medical colleges in India are ranked by agencies like NIRF and India Today. These colleges offer a wide range of medical courses including MBBS, MD, B.Sc. Medicine, BAMS, etc. and conduct both full-time as well as part-time courses for medical aspirants. Admissions to those colleges are done through national level and state level medical entrance exams like NEET, JIPMER, and IPU CET.

The basic eligibility conditions must be fulfilled by aspirants for admission to undergraduate medical courses after Class 12. Candidates are eligible to pursue these medical courses only if they have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB).

List of Medical Courses

The most sought-after medical courses are as following:

1. M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) – 5.5 years

    Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, are the two first-professional degrees in medicine and surgery awarded upon graduation from medical school by universities.

2. B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) – 4 years

    BDS is the only educational and professional program for dentistry.

3. B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery) – 5.5 years

    BHMS is a bachelor degree in Homeopathic Education in India regulated by the National Institute of Homeopathy.

4. B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) – 5.5 years

    BAMS is a bachelor’s degree in Ayurveda. In India, the Ayurvedic Education is regulated by the Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).

5. M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) – 3 years

    This degree is awarded to the doctors who are physicians. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.

6. M.S. (Master of Surgery) – 3 years

    This degree is awarded to the doctors who master the course of surgery. The minimum eligibility for this course is MBBS.

7. D.M (Doctorate in Medicine) – 2 to 3 years

    DM is a doctorate degree equivalent to the PhD degree. Doctors having M.D degree are eligible for this course.

8. B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) – 4 years

    Candidate must have passed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% marks with biology/mathematics as one of the compulsory subjects, or D.Pharm (Diploma in Pharmacy). This degree involves the knowledge of pharmacy.

9. B.Sc Nursing – 4 years

    Candidate must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry & Biology with a minimum of 45% marks. The motive of B.Sc. Nursing programme is to produce qualified nurses, as members of the health care team.

10. B.P.T (Physiotherapy) – 4.5 years

      Candidate must have passed 10+2 or equivalent with a minimum 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology. Physiotherapy helps the temporary disabled people in their rehabilitation.

11. B.O.T (Occupational Therapy) – 3 years

      Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover or maintain the daily living and work skills of individuals with a physical, mental or cognitive disorder


12. B.U.M.S (Unani Medicine) – 5.5 years

      BUMS degree is similar to the BAMS, but in Unani medicines. Urdu is compulsory up to 10th class or equivalent Education.

13. D.Pharm (Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) – 2 years

It is a medical diploma course in pharmacy of ayurvedic medicines.

14. BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Lab Technicians) – 3 year

      It is a bachelor degree of medical laboratory technology and contains complete laboratory practices of the medical system.

15. DMLT (Diploma of Medical Lab Technicians) – 1 year

      It is a medical diploma course of medical laboratory technology and contains the laboratory practices of the medical field. Candidate must have cleared the 10+2 exam with PCB.

 Medical Courses after 12th without NEET

      Here are few most recommended medical courses without NEET, which a candidate can opt for as a medical career after Class 12.

  • Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  •  Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Engineering
  •  Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (Non-Clinical)
  •  Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology
  •  Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy
  •  Bachelor in Psychology

Indeed, the medical field is a great career option for the students looking to pursue that particular profession. With the numerous potential options, it's important to carry out career research to help students narrow down their selections and find something that really fuels their interest and passion. 



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