Ranchi University was established on july12, 1960, with ten post graduate departments, one constituent college (Ranchi College, Ranchi), and 20 affiliated college spread over an area of 65,000 square kilometer.
Being located in predominantly tribal area, the University has successfully lived upto the expectations and aspirations of the people in its fifty years of existence. And it continues to do so despite being subjected to trifurcation: first in 1992 when Vinoba Bhave University, Hazaribagh was carved out; second, inJanuary 2009 when Nilambar Pitamber University, Medninagar, was created; and;third,in August 2009 when Kolhan University, Chaibasa, was created. Today its territorial jurisdiction covers five districts only.
Despite so many divisions, Ranchi University continues to play a leading role in imparting higher educate in the state.
At present the University has 23 post graduate departments, 15 constituent colleges, and 49 affiliated colleges, imparting teaching in medicine, psychiatry, law, engineering, business management, education, and general courses. Besides these institutions there is UGC sponsored Academic Staff College.
The university’s pursuit of academic excellence is reflected in the fact that today is has four autonomous colleges, and three college with potential for excellence (CPE) status. Beside these, five colleges have already been granted accreditation by NAAC. The faculty in University’s post graduate departments and colleges are working on major and minor projects sponsored by UGC, DBT and other prestigious organizations.